A sponge cake roll with whipped cream, jam, or frosting is known as a Swiss roll. Uncertain roots of the phrase exist. Despite being called a “Swiss roll,” the cake is said to have originated in a different part of Central Europe, most likely Austria. It seems to have been created in the nineteenth century, along with Victoria sponge, Batten berg, and doughnuts.
The Swiss roll’s spiral-layered design has inspired the use of the phrase “jelly roll” in many different contexts, including optics.